Proposed EV gross weight limit changes could bring risk issues
If given the go ahead, the changes – currently under consultation – would enable battery electric, range-extended electric, plug-in hybrid, hydrogen fuel cell or natural gas powered vehicles up to 4.25 tonnes to be classed under Category N1, enabling them to be driven on a standard Category B licence. This compares to a current limit of 3.5 tonnes.
Although the move is intended to offset the heavier drivetrains in such vehicles and help drive ULEV take-up, Eddie Parker, LCV consultant at Arval, said operators need to look at the potential risk issues involved.
He explained: “The question facing fleets is whether they feel it is responsible to place drivers with standard “car” licences into a vehicle with a mass that has previously been seen as requiring specialised training, and into something that is three-quarters of a tonne heavier and twice as heavy as the largest cars.”
This differs from the view of the DfT, which says the change recognises that alternative fuel commercial vehicles under 4.25 tonnes are no more difficult to drive than petrol or diesel models under the 3.5-tonne limit.
Eddie Parker added: “Across the fleet sector, in recent years, the discussion has tended to be about whether the driving standards for larger CVs should be applied to smaller vehicles. This new proposal moves things in the opposite direction.”
Enacting the changes would mean the UK would need to seek a temporary derogation from the EU Third Driving Licence Directive, although some EU states have already done this.
The DfT has already said that it would overcome issues with restricted operator licensing requirements for eligible vehicles by introducing an exemption. This would avoid situations where local tradespersons would fall under the costly and time-consuming operator licensing regime.
The changes would also remove a loophole which means these vehicles are also not required to go through annual roadworthiness checks, the same as cars, if they are over 3.5 tonnes.
Parker said: “The Government’s proposal is, overall, a good idea but it does need some discussion by the industry. It is probably not as simple as waiving through drivers of existing 3.5 tonners into heavier vehicles without any additional thought.”
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