3.1 million EV charging stations due in Europe by 2019
New analysis from Frost & Sullivan on “Strategic Technology and Market Analysis of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in Europe” finds that the market for EV charging stations is expected to grow rapidly from 7,250 charging stations in 2012 to over 3.1 million by 2019 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 113.3% over the period 2012-2019. France, Germany, Norway and the UK are expected to lead the market due to the high adoption rates of EVs in these countries.
‘Frost & Sullivan research indicates that over 3.1 million charging stations are likely to be installed across Europe by 2019,’ said Frost & Sullivan automotive & transportation research associate Prajyot Sathe. ‘Mode 2 charging is expected to account for over 64% of the market share as nearly 83% of charging is expected to happen in residences or in a location where the vehicle will be parked for 8-10 hours daily.’
Mode 3 charging will be popular in public locations. However, DC charging will be installed in strategic locations where vehicles can be charged in less than 30 minutes. Inductive charging will also be popular, but is likely to be adopted only post-2014.
The development will help the EV market wean itself off government subsidies and incentives, while becoming increasingly self-sustaining.
However, there will still be issues, such as the inability to provide long range in a single charge and charging times varying from 30 minutes to 10 hours.
‘Through continuous R&D, market participants are expected to introduce innovative solutions that address these issues,’ said Sathe. ‘Emerging trends, for instance, are focusing on AC fast charging, which will charge vehicles in 2-3 hours, representing the best use case in locations such as cinema halls and shopping malls.’
Apart from technical issues, another challenge relates to the as yet ambiguous roles of utility companies, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), and charging infrastructure providers in the market. Moreover, multiple rules and regulations related to the electricity usage and charges across EU means that a standardised business model is yet to be adopted. Developing a dynamic business model will, therefore, be a key requirement if the market is to continue on its upward trajectory.
‘Improving access through building of essential charging infrastructure in strategic public and private locations will overcome the challenge of range anxiety,’ concluded Sathe. ‘Technology advancement that reduces charging time while improving reliability, safety and robustness of the electric charging system will encourage EV adoption.’